Speak now. We all have our own moral codes by which we live, and this can vary from one person to another. Philosophers, however, look at the codes that govern us all, and which society sets, and it's this that forms the scientific study of ethics. It's a moral philosophy that takes a forensic look at codes of what's right and wrong, and how they've changed dramatically through the ages.
If societal behavior has always fascinated you, or if you take a keen interest in all things philosophical, then you should do well with our ethics quizzes. Could you name the three fields that make up the study of ethics? That's just one of the ethics questions you could face, and you'll also be tested on legendary thinkers such as Aristotle and Socrates. This is black and white; you'll either be right or wrong. If you have already taken an earlier PR Sample Question.
Professor tests students’ ethics with cruel exam question
You have come to face a hard quiz which is all about ethics, ethics of business, moral, rights, etc. Let's see if you have such kind of knowledge or not.
You are going to learn about many ethical terms and rules, doesn't A What is considered as correct within a society. B Making the right decisions when there is a chance to do wrong. C Defining what is right and wrong for an individual or a community.
D Where individuals have a conscious choice to make a right and ethical decision. Quiz: Can you pass this ethics and morality test? The religion of Islam is based on followers having a certain degree of behavior when it comes to some issues in the world today, and if you think you are among the morally upright Got Ethics? What category does each of the following behaviors on the list belong?By Saul McLeodupdated Ethics refers to the correct rules of conduct necessary when carrying out research.
We have a moral responsibility to protect research participants from harm. However important the issue under investigation psychologists need to remember that they have a duty to respect the rights and dignity of research participants. This means that they must abide by certain moral principles and rules of conduct.
In Britain ethical guidelines for research are published by the British Psychological Society and in America by the American Psychological Association. The purpose of these codes of conduct is to protect research participants, the reputation of psychology and psychologists themselves.
Moral issues rarely yield a simple, unambiguous, right or wrong answer. It is therefore often a matter of judgement whether the research is justified or not. For example, it might be that a study causes psychological or physical discomfort to participants, maybe they suffer pain or perhaps even come to serious harm. On the other hand the investigation could lead to discoveries that benefit the participants themselves or even have the potential to increase the sum of human happiness.
Rosenthal and Rosnow also talk about the potential costs of failing to carry out certain research. Who is to weigh up these costs and benefits? Who is to judge whether the ends justify the means? Finally, if you are ever in doubt as to whether research is ethical or not it is worthwhile remembering that if there is a conflict of interest between the participants and the researcher it is the interests of the subjects that should take priority.
Studies must now undergo an extensive review by an institutional review board US or ethics committee UK before they are implemented.
All UK research requires ethical approval by one or more of the following:. NHS research. Committees review proposals to assess if the potential benefits of the research are justifiable in the light of possible risk of physical or psychological harm. These committees may request researchers make changes to the study's design or procedure, or in extreme cases deny approval of the study altogether.
Some of the more important ethical issues are as follows:. Whenever possible investigators should obtain the consent of participants. They also need to know what it is that they are agreeing to. In other words the psychologist should, so far as is practicable explain what is involved in advance and obtain the informed consent of participants. Before the study begins the researcher must outline to the participants what the research is about, and then ask their consent i.
However, it is not always possible to gain informed consent. Where it is impossible for the researcher to ask the actual participants, a similar group of people can be asked how they would feel about taking part. If they think it would be OK then it can be assumed that the real participants will also find it acceptable.
This is known as presumptive consent. Participants must be given information relating to : Statement that participation is voluntary and that refusal to participate will not result in any consequences or any loss of benefits that the person is otherwise entitled to receive. Purpose of the research. All foreseeable risks and discomforts to the participant if there are any.
These include not only physical injury but also possible psychological. Procedures involved in the research. Benefits of the research to society and possibly to the individual human subject. Length of time the subject is expected to participate.
Person to contact for answers to questions or in the event of injury or emergency. Subjects' right to confidentiality and the right to withdraw from the study at any time without any consequences. After the research is over the participant should be able to discuss the procedure and the findings with the psychologist. They must be given a general idea of what the researcher was investigating and why, and their part in the research should be explained.You are a psychologist treating a 20 year old college student for Sx's of Depression.
The student is covered by her parents' health insurance and has given you permission to speak only with the insurance company.
The student's mother calls you to inquire about her child's progress in Tx. What should you do? Confirm that you are seeing the student but refuse to share any information about your sessions.
Neither confirm nor deny that you are seeing the student for treatment. As long as the student has not given you specific consent to speak with her mother, you should neither confirm nor deny that you are seeing the student for therapy. Even thought the student is covered by her parents' insurance, you do not have legal permission to speak with them.
You receive a subpoena requiring you to testify about a current client at a trial. You contact the client who says he does not want you to testify. You should:. Notify the court that you will not be appearing at the trial because the client has not given you permission to do so. Appear at the trial as requested but claim the privilege on behalf of the client A subpoena is valid even when a client does not give permission for the release of confidential information.
May take the steps necessary to have the client involuntarily hospitalized if his grave disability is due to a mental disorder. Should take the steps necessary to have the client involuntarily hospitalized only if he also presents a danger to others. Cannot involuntarily hospitalize the client unless his grave disability is due to chronic alcoholism or substance abuse. A psychologist who obtained a Ph.
To meet the requirements set forth by the General Guidelines for Providers, the psychologist must. The licensing exam often contains questions such as these, and in approaching them, you should remember these buzzwords: training AND experience. Specifically, the Specialty Guidelines state that "professional psychologists who wish to qualify as clinical psychologists meet the same requirements with respect to subject matter and professional skills that apply to doctoral and postdoctoral education and training in clinical psychology.
Moreover, unlike as stated by choice "C", a second Ph. An organization is approved by the APA to sponsor continuing education programs. The sponsor then becomes responsible for each program. The APA periodically asks for reports from the sponsor, but the specific program is not endorsed, sanctioned, or approved by the APA.The National Psychology Exam. What are the three general principles which were adopted on 27 September ? Benificence, Do no harm, and integrity. Moral Values, Care, and Efficiency.
Justice, Respect, and Integrity. What is general principal A?
Respect for the rights and dignity of people and peoples. What is general principal B? What is general principal C? General principal A covers which ethical standards? Justice, respect, informed consent, privacy, confidentiality, release of information to clients, and collection of client information from associated parties.
Competence, record keeping, professional responsibility, provision of psychological services at the request of a third party, provision of psychological services to multiple clients, delegation of professional tasks, use of interpreters, collaborating with others for the benefit of clients, accepting clients of other professionals, suspension of psychological services, termination of psychological services, conflicting demands, psychological assessments, and research. Reputable behaviour, communication, conflict of interest, non-exploitation, authorship, financial arrangements, and ethics investigations and concerns.
General principal B covers which ethical standards? General principal C covers which ethical standards? Which psychologists must comply with the professional development standards? All psychologists. Psychologists within the first 10 years of practice.
Clinical registrars. All psychologists except for non-registered and provisionally registered. Is it true that psychologists must maintain an up to date CPD portfolio? What is the general registration standard?
Ethics Questions Flashcards Preview
The general standards of conduct that the board has determined as adequate for professional practice in psychology. The overarching principals for general registration in the field of psychology. Psychologists must achieve a masters level qualification, 5 years study plus 1 year of supervised practice, or 4 years study plus 2 years of supervised practice, or a qualification that the board deems equivalent.
What is the minimum dollar level of indemnity insurance that is required by the Psychology Board of Australia?Discuss whether it would be ethical for Dr. The hypothetical does not describe the nature of the friendship between the proposed client and Dr.
If they are not close and it simply is a casual referral then it is less problematic. On the other hand if they are close or intimate friends then it is unlikely Dr.
His personal feelings may cloud his judgment and interfere with the therapeutic process. The client also may know things about him as a result of communication with his ex-wife, which further would complicate matters and make it less likely the client would achieve a beneficial outcome. If I were Dr. I would assess the situation carefully on intake.
If there were any hint of a boundary issue then I would refer the proposed client to somebody else who was qualified in the field. In order to keep his overhead expenses low Dr. In light of ethical standards is this an appropriate arrangement?
Why or why not? The reason why is the client may become confused and view the therapist as a social colleague rather than as trained professional. Items such as photographs, memorabilia or even religious artifacts may populate a personal environment. These would be disclosed unnecessarily to the client, complicating the therapeutic relationship. They may provoke transference-like reactions from the client. If I was Dr. A better alternative would be for Dr. He never has had any training in child psychotherapy but begins to read books on child psychology.
He also starts seeing children for therapy and advertises himself as a child psychologist. Is Dr. For example the child may have medical problems such as dyslexia impeding an overall positive outcome.Many countries have guidelines that are similar for example the USA. There are four ethical principles which are the main domains of responsibility for consideration by researchers within the code; respect, competence, responsibility and integrity.
The following list is a summary of the ethical considerations set up by the BPS in The list is only a summary and only covers the main considerations. Researchers in psychological research should consider the following when they plan and run research:.
Consent; have participants given informed consent? If the participant is under 16 years old, has informed consent been given by their parents or carers? Deception: have the participants been deceived in any way?
Ethics and Psychology
If so, could this have been avoided? Debriefing: have the participants been debriefed? Have they been given the opportunity to ask questions?
Withdrawal from the investigation: have the participants been informed of their right to withdraw from the research at any point, including the right to withdraw their data at a later date?
Anonymity and Confidentiality: participants have a right to remain anonymous in publication of the research and confidentiality should be maintained except in exceptional circumstances where harm may arise to the participant or someone associated with the research or participant.
Protection of participants: researcher must protect participants from both physical and psychological harm.
The BPS have set out their code of ethics in detail in a document which can be found here. Join s of fellow Psychology teachers and students all getting the tutor2u Psychology team's latest resources and support delivered fresh in their inbox every morning. Joseph is a Subject Advisor for Psychology at tutor2u. He is currently completing a Professional Doctorate in Education and is passionate about the impact of technology on teaching and learning.
Reach the audience you really want to apply for your teaching vacancy by posting directly to our website and related social media audiences. Cart Account Log in Sign up. Psychology Explore Psychology Search Go. Psychology Reference library. Researchers in psychological research should consider the following when they plan and run research: Consent; have participants given informed consent?
Protection of participants: researcher must protect participants from both physical and psychological harm The BPS have set out their code of ethics in detail in a document which can be found here.
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A psychiatrist, a psychologist, and, a clinical social worker. A physician, a psychiatrist, and a psychologist. A psychiatrist and a psychologist. No person shall be involuntarily hospitalized unless such a person is a mentall ill person who: list all three criteria for correct answer.
Who presents a danger or threat of danger to self, family, or others as a result of mental illness. For whom hospitalization is the least restrictive alternative mode of treatment presently available. Get started today! All Multiple Choice Ethics Questions. Edit a Copy. Study these flashcards. Ashley E.
Which of the following persons' activities are not included in the practice of psychology? Employees of the Federal Government b.